Green-fingered Aristocrats - the 4 best renaissance gardens near Rome

There's so much more to Lazio than Rome. Rich in history and culture, there's always something more to see. In this guest post, Michiel, the founder and editor of Minor Sights (see below), takes us through four renaissance gardens nestled in the picturesque hills of Tuscia, northern Lazio.

Northern Lazio tends to be neglected by visitors rushing from the famous sights of Rome to the equally famous attractions of Tuscany. Which is a shame.

For centuries this area was part of the Papal States, back when the Popes wielded enormous temporal as well as spiritual power. Northern Lazio was at its core, providing cheap labour and cardinals in equal measure, ruled over by a small number of powerful families who took their turn wearing the Papal crown and cardinals’ red hats.

Of course, these aristocrats did what aristocrats around the world have always done: they taxed the poor, plundered the land, and used the spoils to compete amongst themselves in terms of who could build the most sumptuous palace (a tradition that sadly, seems to have been lost by contemporary looters).

The Renaissance was a particularly productive period for these families. With the Black Death behind them, and a new influx of ideas (sprouting from Florence), money, and the desire to approach things in a more inventive yet rational way. And that included gardening.

Gardening, I hear you think? Yes, gardening. 

Much like Ancient Rome and Greece inspired Renaissance painting and architecture, classical ideals of order and beauty inspired horticulture. As a result, gardens became larger, grander, more symmetrical, with the intent to both delight owners and impress aristocratic neighbours. 

The giardino all’italiano influenced gardens throughout Europe, including the French and English gardening styles. 

The Villa d’Este at Tivoli near Rome is a famous example, attracting plenty of day-tripping hordes. But I want to draw your attention to four magnificent gardens that see far fewer visitors, and which I would classify as ‘Minor Sights’. Not because they are inferior, but because mass tourism’s ‘winner takes it all’ approach means that they are mostly overlooked. Which makes them even more attractive to me, as you can enjoy these places in peace and quiet (until the day this article goes viral of course.)

Villa Lante at Bagnaia: the wet one

While initial Renaissance gardens were very much about symmetry, form and harmony, things started getting a little out of hand during the period referred to as Mannerism. It was no longer enough to be harmonious. Mannerism was about surprise and caprice. The garden’s owner, a cardinal called Gianfranceso Gambara (whose symbol, an oversized shrimp (gambas- get it?) can be seen throughout the garden) decided to use water for playful, surprising effects.

The garden deployed the height of hydraulic technology, which was used to create multiple giochi d'acqua, water ‘games’, like fountains,  jets, canals, etc.

Click here to read more about Villa Lante on the Minor Sights website.

Castello Ruspoli in Vignanello: the family one

The Ruspoli Castle and garden is the only one of these gardens that is still owned and managed by the same family. It’s one of the finest examples of Italian Renaissance gardening, with an extensive main garden that features the initials of its creators as well as other family members, and a secret garden just out of sight. 

This is simply one of the most stunning gardens you will find in Italy- even more so because there are no coach loads of tourists. The family opens the castle and garden every Sunday, and you will need to contact them to make an appointment. You may even get a personal tour by the princess!

For more information about visiting Castello Ruspoli, click here

Parco dei Mostri in Bomarzo: the crazy one

The Parco dei Mostri (Monster Park) also known as the Sacro Bosco, takes the cake when it comes to Mannerist absurdity. 

Created by Vicino Orsini (father of Ottavia, who started the Ruspoli garden mentioned above) it was intended to astonish and impress. Orsini went a little loco after his wife died and dedicated this garden to her- a collection of monstrosities, absurdities and a haunted house. Some people have likened it to a Renaissance Disneyland, although every statue is rich in symbolism and mythology beyond what Walt could ever muster.

Kids will delight in the Monster Park. For more information,  check out this post on Minor Sights, or this one on Lazioexplorer).

Palazzo Farnese in Caprarola: the neglected one

This garden is only neglected because it is outshone by the stupendous art inside the Palazzo, a palace so rich in decoration and art that it could give anything in Rome a run for its money. (LazioExplorer- it wasn’t neglected by us, we had our wedding photos there!)

But while most people come for the Palace, the garden is equally delightful, small and intimate with a refreshingly cool water grotto in the back. Most visitors only see the small public garden but there is actually a large secret garden whose visiting hours are restricted- but there are daily visits in summer. 

For more on Palazzo Farnese and its gardens, go here

Visiting the gardens

These four gardens are all close to each other. It would be possible to overdose on gardens by trying to string them altogether into one long day of hardcore greenery gazing as a day trip from Rome. 

Alternatively, base yourself in one of the many wonderful small towns in the region, and string them out over two or three days. Public transport exists, but you’ll find a car immensely useful in visiting these out-of-the-way places. 

The towns of Bomarzo, Vignanello, Bagnaia and Caprarola are each about 1 or 1 ½ hour by car from Rome’s ringroad, the GRA. Travel between each of the towns takes 20-30 minutes by car. 

About the author

Michiel is the founder and editor of Minor Sights, a website dedicated to fascinating places that are barely mentioned in guidebooks. He divides his time between Paris and Northern Lazio.

Find Minor Sights here:


  1. Thanks for inviting me Lazio Explorer! I really enjoyed writing this for you. Let's hope more people will discover Lazio.

  2. Actually, I've been traveling twice yearly to Lazio/northern Lazio area and do NOT not more people to discover it!!! I love visiting places like the gardens you so beautifully describe, when there are 0 or just a few others wandering around. Thank you for the lovely descriptions of some of my favorite places. I've long since given up Tuscany for Lazio and Umbria!

    1. Hi Cheryl! Ha ha! I know the feeling, but then why keep all the fun to yourself? Tuscia and Umbria are two of the most beautiful parts of Italy, with such a rich culture and history. There's always more to discover...

    2. This comment has been removed by the author.

    3. Yes, it's a dilemma. I feel the same- the fact that so few people come here is part of the attraction.

      On the other hand, Northern Lazio is suffering economically. My town has been severely hit by the economic crisis. Many shops closed- as well as my two favourite restaurants (disastro!).

      A place like the Castello Ruspoli described above faces enormous costs in maintaining the beautiful garden and 500 year old castle- and tourism is one way to support that...

      So a few more tourists (knowing that the vast majority will stick with whatever Tripadvisor/their guidebook/tour operator tells them are the 'must-sees' of Rome, Siena, Florence) would be beneficial I think...

  3. Once the arrangement is prepared, it's an ideal opportunity to dispose of the weeds, level the dirt and begin planting. best garden hose

  4. To begin with, plan the outline and choose the plants. What might you want to have in your garden? hose splitter

  5. Will it be a basic yard or additionally organic products, vegetables, trees, bushes, or blossoms? best lawn mower

  6. Thank for sharing. I like Parco dei Mostri in Bomarzo most. It's suitable for those who like advanturing haha

  7. Wow, amazing places. I like green spots like that. They look so fresh!

  8. Nice place. If have chance, I will visit it :)

  9. Thanks for inviting me Lazio Explorer! I love visiting places like the gardens you so beautifully describe, when there are 0 or just a few others wandering around. amazing places

  10. oh, that's the traditional architecture. Thanks a lot for sharing.

  11. Nice article, for inspiration on how to improve your gardens at home: Sevenhints

  12. Most visitors only see the small public garden but there is actually a large secret garden whose visiting hours are restricted- but there are daily visits in summer. Funeral Services Central Coast is providing best funeral services in the world.

  13. Furthermore, when the gardening's done, have you worked out, as well as you environment look superb as screened gazebos for sale

  14. Incredibly composed blog that has transfixed its group of onlookers.
    Living wall